In times of a rapidly growing world population, advancing climate change and a shortage of arable land, securing global food supplies is one of the greatest global challenges facing humanity. In order to meet this challenge, a drastic increase in agricultural production is an outstanding goal, in addition to a fairer distribution of food. Increasing plant biomass, i.e. increasing the yield of crops, is of fundamental importance in this context and is consequently the focus of modern plant breeding. In the “Functional and Applied Genomics” department of Fraunhofer IME at the locations Aachen and Münster, we investigate the floral induction mechanisms of plants. Based on this knowledge, we can increase biomass and yield of plants using modern breeding methods.